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Everything About Garuda Mythology

Written by: HoRod



Time to read 3 min

What is Garuda the god of?

In Hinduism, Garuda is a legendary bird or bird-like creature and is not considered a god in the same sense as many other deities.  Garuda is the mount (vahana) of Lord Vishnu, one of the principal deities in Hinduism. Garuda is often depicted as a powerful, eagle-like bird with a golden body, white face, red wings, and a beak and wings resembling those of an eagle.

Where did Garuda originated?

  • Garuda can be associated with Hindu mythology in India over 3000years

  • However, the name "Garuda" is also associated with the national symbol of Indonesia. The Garuda Pancasila, an image of the mythical bird Garuda, is the national emblem of Indonesia.
  • In Thailand, the Garuda is known as "Krut" or "Pha Krut," 

What does Garuda symbolize in Buddhism?

The story about Garuda

1. Hindu Mythology:

  • Origins:  Garuda's origin is closely tied to Hindu cosmology. According to the Puranas, Garuda is said to be born to Vinata, one of the wives of the sage Kashyapa. Garuda is the half-brother of Aruna, the charioteer of the sun god Surya.
  • Mount of Vishnu:  Garuda is best known as the mount (vahana) of Lord Vishnu, one of the principal deities in Hinduism. He serves as Vishnu's vehicle and is a symbol of divine strength and speed.
  • Epics:  Stories of Garuda can be found in Hindu epics like the Mahabharata and the Ramayana. In the Mahabharata, Garuda plays a crucial role in obtaining the nectar of immortality (amrita) for the release of his mother, Vinata, from slavery.

Buddhist and Jain Traditions:

  • Adaptation: The Garuda is also present in Buddhist and Jain traditions, sometimes with variations in its attributes and significance.
  • Symbolism: In Buddhism, the Garuda is sometimes seen as a symbol of the enlightened mind, and in Jainism, it is associated with the cycle of birth and death.

3.Southeast Asian Cultures:

  • Cultural Significance: The Garuda has been adopted and adapted by various Southeast Asian cultures, including Thailand and Indonesia.
  • National Symbol: In Indonesia, the Garuda is the national emblem and symbolizes the country's identity and aspirations.

4,Art and Architecture:

  • Representation: Garuda is a popular motif in Hindu and Buddhist art and architecture, appearing in temples, sculptures, and reliefs.
  • Symbol of Power: The image of Garuda is often used to symbolize power, protection, and divine authority.

The history of Garuda is deeply intertwined with the religious and cultural narratives of Hinduism and has also influenced the artistic and symbolic traditions of Southeast Asian societies.

What is Garuda's power?

  • Divine Strength:  Garuda is often portrayed as a symbol of immense strength and power. 
  • Speed and Swiftness:  Garuda is known for its incredible speed and swiftness. 
  • Loyalty and Devotion:  In Hindu mythology, Garuda is depicted as extremely loyal to Lord Vishnu. 

  •  Freedom and Liberation:  In some interpretations, Garuda is associated with the concept of liberation or moksha.
  • Symbol of Protection:  The Garuda is often seen as a protective force, guarding against negative influences and providing a shield of divine energy.

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2. What is special about Garuda

  • Birth and Heaven:  Garuda's birth is mentioned in Hindu mythology. According to some accounts, he is born to Vinata, one of the wives of the sage Kashyapa. The story of Garuda's birth and his subsequent feats are often tied to cosmic and mythological narratives.
  • Enemy of All Snakes (Nagas):
    • Garuda is traditionally considered the enemy of all snakes, known as nagas. This enmity is rooted in mythological tales, and one of the well-known stories involves Garuda's quest to obtain the nectar of immortality (amrita). Nagas are said to guard this nectar, leading to an eternal conflict between Garuda and snakes.

"Garuda's strength was incomparable, which was why he was able to break through every barrier that stood in his way when he went to get the nectar in the celestial kingdom."

Frequently Asked Questions

How can I wear garuda ring?

worn by men on the right hand and by women on the left hand.

Who can wear garuda pendant?

the Garuda is often associated with positive attributes such as strength, protection, and spiritual significance. 

what is garuda a symbol of?

 Indonesia, the Garuda is adopted as a national symbol.